Dardanelles strait is located at 40⁰13’N-26⁰26’E by splitting Canakkale province into two peninsulas, and is one of the two straits that combines European and Asian sides of Turkey. The strait is an international waterway connecting Marmara and Aegean seas. The strait has an approximately 60 km lenght whereas its width varies from 1.2 to 6.0 kilometers. The construction of planned bridge project, which will combine Lapseki and Gallipoli provinces, is expected to increase the importancy of the area. On the other hand the process may affect the environment and this situation usually leads to LULC change. The study has two main goals including; long-term (25 years) LULC changes between 1986 and 2011, and short-term LULC changes between 2015 and 2018. The study area was divided into three zones (0-2500, 2500-5000 and 5000-10000 m) at both sides of Dardanelles, and impacts of distance from the strait zone were investigated. The present paper focuses on the long term changes. To achieve the first goal, Landsat imageries of 27 July 1986, 25 July 2000 and July 16 2011 together with ancillary data, and supervised classification method were used to generate LULC maps including five main classes. Results showed that LULC change is more complicated in Asian side, and 0-2500 m zonal changes were more dynamic for each sites especially in terms of residential increment. Subsequent to the determination of short-term changes, further study planned to be conducted to understand what may change after the bridge and new roads are decided to be constructed.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Dardanelles, Landsat, LULC, Supervised classification