Hatice Sena AZKUR, Murat ORAL
The dome has been used by architects throughout history as a solution to cover large openings. The first Islamic temples didn’t have a dome. With the spread of the Islam dome element emerge in mosque architecture. Over time, the society have been accepted as an integral part of mosque giving symbolic meanings to dome. These meanings attributed to the dome, still have a strong effect in our country. Architectural approaches imitate the traditional domed typology are still accepted, as well as a small number of modern approaches. This prevents the development of mosque architecture from meeting the needs of modern era. However, Islam didn’t specify the form of the temple. Each society have handled the mosque space and form within their own understanding, social and environmental conditions. The ancient Arab, Seljuk, Indian and Chinese mosques with very different architectural styles are the products of different schools. Different cultures that shared the same religious beliefs in history produced different temples. Behruz Çinici mentions that the first mosque in the world was built facing Mecca with a flat roof, a simple space arrangement without a dome and minaret, states that taking this simplicity as a starting point in new designs will save the designer from being tied to a typology from the past. Thoughts such as modesty and harmony with nature underlying of Islam should be applied independently of forms in architectural schemes.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Dome, Contemporary Mosque Architecture, Dome-less Mosques