Mehmet Bahadır TOSUNLAR, Arife Deniz OKTAÇ BEYCAN
Located within the provincial borders of Konya, Sarayönü is a settlement where there are living examples of the traditional architectural heritage of the Konya region, where the history is under the ground and the adobe is the cornerstone of architecture. However, this settlement has started to lose its historical and traditional texture gradually due to rapid urbanization and inadequate conservation approaches. While the masjids and mosques, which are religious buildings, and the fountains, which are cultural landscape elements, are relatively less damaged by this destruction, the residential buildings that make up the majority of the settlement appear as the most damaged artefacts from this process. The damage and destruction of these houses, which were built with hundreds of years of knowledge in a tradition that is suitable for the climate, topography and cultural characteristics of the region, indicates that the building design and construction information of the region is in great danger. For these reasons, in this study, the plan, façade and orientation features of the historical and traditional houses in Sarayönü district center were tried to be revealed. As a result of the study, it has been determined that the plan schemes of the traditional Sarayönü houses mostly show the "inner sofa" plan type feature. It has also been observed that the façade and orientation features of the houses are also intensely related to each other. It has been determined that the dominant direction in terms of façade orientation in residential and room structures is the south façade, which is also the most advantageous direction in the context of the regional climate. In terms of façade typologies of residential buildings; It has been determined that they have façade types in "çardaklı", "cumbalı", and "kademeli" types.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Konya, Sarayönü, traditional architecture, plan scheme, façade typologies