In construction industry a large amount of carbon dioxide is emitted due to embodied and operational energy. In order to achieve the UK climate targets and cut the emission by 80% by 2050, all operational emissions need to be phased out along with a reduction in the embodied carbon. This study analyses the relationship between large-scale activities and the carbon footprint for an industrial case study using ‘Cradle to grave’ method from ‘British standards’ in conjunction with government global factors to calculate the embodied carbon (from construction stage) and operational carbon (energy) of the building. The research includes data collection through networking and visual inspection in order to identify which activities produce the most carbon emissions and allow investigation for solutions to aspire to a future sustainable building and to achieve carbon neutrality. Results from this case study showed that operational carbon especially from electricity is the largest contributor to CO2e (78%) compared with embodies carbon from materials production and construction stage (22%). Results also showed that CO2e from fossil fuel exceeded the benchmark for that type of building. Some clean technologies (solar, wind, heat pumps), energy efficient measures (lighting, fabric insulation) and sustainable construction materials, were suggested in order to minimise the emissions. The impact of these technologies have been modelled using a computer software in order to investigate each system size and potential the saving.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Emissions, Energy, design, Greenhouse, Sustainability